Mumbai has been the most preferred target for most terrorist organizations, primarily the separatist forces from Pakistan. Over the past few years there have been a series of attacks, including explosions in local trains in July 2006, and the most recent and unprecedented attacks of 26 November 2008, when two of the prime hotels, a landmark train station, and a Jewish Chabad house, in South Mumbai, were attacked and sieged.
Terrorist attacks in Mumbai include:
- 12 March 1993 – Series of 13 bombs go off, killing 257
- 6 December 2002 – Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar, killing 2
- 27 January 2003 – Bomb goes off on a bicycle in Vile Parle, killing 1
- 14 March 2003 – Bomb goes off in a train in Mulund, killing 10
- 28 July 2003 – Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar, killing 4
- 25 August 2003 – Two Bombs go off in cars near the Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazaar, killing 50
- 11 July 2006 – Series of seven bombs go off in trains, killing 209
- 26 November 2008 to 29 November 2008 – Coordinated series of attacks, killing at least 172.
- 13 July 2011 – Three coordinated bomb explosions at different locations, killing 26
13 February 2010 – a bomb explosion at the German Bakery in Pune killed fourteen people, and injured at least 60 more
2010 Pune bombing
The 2010 Pune bombing occurred on 13 February 2010 at approximately 7:15 pm IST when a bomb exploded at the German Bakery in the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India. The blast killed seventeen people, and injured at least 60 more, including an Italian woman, two Sudanese students, and an Iranian student.
The German Bakery is located near the Jewish Chabad House and the Osho ashram (an international meditation resort) in Koregaon Park, Pune. The ashram and the bakery are frequented by foreigners and the bakery, which is popular with tourists and locals alike, was busy at the time of the blast.
Two little known groups calling themselves the Laskhar-e-Taiba Al Alami and the Mujahideen Islami Muslim Front claimed they were behind the bomb attack. However, according to government agencies, the attack could have been part of a project by Lashkar-e-Taiba to use the Indian Mujahideen, called the Karachi project. David Coleman Headley, a Pakistani-American terror suspect, has been accused of involvement in the project.
Location and time
The site of the bombing was the German Bakery, a two-decade-old popular establishment in Pune. The bakery, situated on the ground floor of a corner building in the Koregaon Park area of Pune, was reduced to rubble, though the rest of the building was left intact. At the time of the explosion, the bakery’s limited seating areas were full of students and foreign visitors from the nearby Osho Ashram. A security alert had been issued in October 2009 for a Jewish Chabad house in the vicinity of the German Bakery, but the Bakery was not deemed to be at risk at the time.
Initial media reports indicated that a Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinder used for cooking had caused the blast,but the Pune City Fire Brigade issued a statement that the cylinders at German bakery were intact. Security agencies confirmed shortly thereafter that the explosion was a terrorist strike.