Political terrorism

Left-wing revolutionary groups have included the Baader-Meinhof gang in Germany, the Red Brigade in Italy, and the Sendero Luminoso(Shining Path) terrorist guerrillas in Peru. Bomb attacks in Italy in 1980 and the UK in 1999 have been attributed to right-wing elements.
Distinctions between political and ethnic terrorism are not clear cut, and some separatist groups are influenced by, or receive support from, the left, despite being nationalists. Terrorism in an outlying region or colony is often assumed to be separatist in its logic, though for instance ‘loyalist’ terrorists have been opposed to the exclusion of Northern Ireland from the UK.
Left-wing political terrorism has, on occasion, provoked retaliation by right-wing paramilitaries seeking to defend the status quo. This has occurred, for example, in Colombia, with the activities of the leftist Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC; Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) and the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN; National Liberation Army) leading to terrorist atrocities by the rightist United Self Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC).
In modern Western societies, terrorism is also increasingly associated with vehemently anti-government populist and ultra-right militias, particularly in the USA, driven by a nihilist brand of fanaticism.

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